The fibrous coconut husks found on the exterior of mature brown coconuts can be used as a potting medium for forest tree saplings in Thailand
Coir is a natural elastic fibre extracted from coconut husks. It can be used to make floor mats, doormats, brushes, ropes and strings, stuffing for mattresses, caulking for boats and fishing nets.
Coconut shells can be used to create bowls, utensils and handicrafts, as bodies for some musical instruments or caves for aquariums. It can also be used in exfoliating skin products when it is ground.
Husks, together with coconut shells can be used for fuel and are a source of charcoal, to buff floors, when burned it can be used for smoke to repel mosquitoes.
Although coconut meat is known for its high amount of saturated fat, it actually contains less fat than many oilseeds such as almonds. It is high in minerals zinc and iron. Coconut meat can be used in different ways, including eaten fresh as a fruit and as in ingredient in cooking desserts and curries, etc.
The products extracted from the coconut meat include coconut oil, coconut milk, toddy and nectar, copra, coconut sap – which can further yield to meera, palm wine (when fermented), sweet syrup or candy, coconut sugar or palm sugar.
Coconut oil is a vegetable oil that’s extracted from the coconut meat (white flesh) of a mature coconut (brown coconut). This is the pale yellow, almost colourless oil, which can be used in cooking and cosmetics products. You can find two different types of coconut oil in the market: virgin coconut oil and copra coconut oil. Virgin coconut oil has the distinctive coconut smell and taste and can only be achieved by using fresh meat and without any chemicals or high heat. On the other hand, copra coconut oil is pressed or dissolved with solvents, and has virtually no smell or taste.
Coconut milk and cream
Coconut milk is the white cloudy liquid extracted from the coconut meat. It is known for its high levels of saturated fat, the main saturated fat found is lauric acid which is also found in mother’s milk. Coconut milk is used in many different ways including drinking it raw, used in cooking meals such as curries, sea food, stews and desserts. Vegans often use coconut milk instead of dairy products, such as cow’s milk, in ice cream and yogurt. Coconut milk is extracted by grating the meat and squeezing it through cheesecloth (a loose woven cloth used primarily in cheese making). If the coconut milk is left to settle, the milk will gather at the bottom and a thick creamy layer will form on top, which is called coconut cream.
Coconut water is the clear liquid found inside young green coconuts. The green coconuts are harvested at their water ready peak, which is about 7 months. When the coconut water reaches the inside of the coconut, the water is clearer than water and is 100% naturally sterile. This is because the coconut palm, the shell, husk and meat all serve as natural filters for the water processed through the tree. Coconut water has a multitude of benefits, including containing 0% fat, sugar, cholesterol, preservatives, allergen-free, lactose-free, dairy-free, gluten-free, contains five essential electrolytes (sodium, calcium, magnesium, potassium and phosphorus), the ultimate in hydration, and general well-being.
The meat in a young green coconut is softer and more gelatinous (known as coconut jelly) compared to the mature brown coconut. As the coconut matures, the water inside slowly reduces and the thickness of the white flesh increases.
CocoZone is 100% pure coconut water found in these young green coconuts. Nothing is added or removed in its journey – it comes straight from the coconut to you.
Used to make brooms, baskets and mats, cooking skewers, kindling arrows, roofing thatch and temporary sheds.
The coconut tree trunk can be used to make furniture and houses, used in Hawaii to create drums, containers and canoes.
Coconut roots can be used as a dye and mouthwash. A frayed piece of coconut root can be used as a toothbrush.